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Reef Facts

Did you know ?
Coral reefs cover less than 0.2% of our oceans but they contain 25% of the world’s marine fish species!

Coral reefs are one of the oldest and most biologically diverse ecosystems on this planet and are only rivaled by the majestic tropical rain forests. Contrary to popular belief, the coral reefs are made up not only of various types of hard and soft corals, but also sponges, crustaceans, mollusks, fish, sea turtles, sharks, dolphins and much more. It is the eden in the ocean.

Each reef across the world is unique and the diversity of each of these reefs is determined by the prevailing conditions of food, space and sunlight as some of the primary factors. The coral reef offers an insight into the symbiotic relation between species and the fight for survival amongst rivals. Each component in a reef performs a specific function in maintaining the balance of the entire ecosystem.

While it was natural causes like the storms and tsunami that used to be the stimulus for alterations in a reef, these highly fragile ecosystems are now bearing the brunt of uncontrolled human activity and pollution. It is therefore our responsibility to understand the delicate balance that the reefs maintain and endeavor to conserve these beautiful forests of the sea.

Did you know ?
Southeast Asia’s coral reef fisheries alone are estimated to yield US$ 2.4 billion annually and properly managed coral reefs can yield an average of 15 tonnes of fish and other seafood per square kilometre each year
(WRI press release)

homeaquarium2Bleaching of Corals is a phenomenon that has been recorded over the last 50 years since mankind has started studying them. A bleaching even signals the death of a coral reef and also sounds the death knell for the millions of inhabitants. It is extremely rare for a bleached reef to come back to its original glory. Efforts are underway across various research institutions of the world to revive some of the reefs.

Did you know ?
From 1876-1979 only three bleaching events were recorded, whereas 60 are on record from 1980 until 1993 (Glynn, P.W. 1993. Coral reef bleaching: ecological perspectives. Coral Reefs 12:1-17); in 2002 more than 400 events were recorded (Reef education (Australia), UNEP)

Coral reef plants and animals are important sources of new medicines being developed to treat cancer, arthritis, human bacterial infections, heart disease, viruses, and other diseases. Coral reefs protect coastal dwellings, agricultural land and beaches by forming natural barriers, along the shorelines of the sea. Parts of Florida would have been under water, if coral reefs would have not existed.

Did you know ?
The island of Barbados was once a coral reef.

The fact that man knows right from wrong proves his intellectual superiority to other creatures; but the fact that he can do wrong proves his moral inferiority to any creature that cannot


  1. Gowtham | April 12, 2014 at 1:57 pm

    Nice content and informative. Thanks.

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